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Innovation Effort Indicators

The dataset contains indicators for public and private innovation efforts. It is difficult to make a thorough distinction between R&D and innovation. However, R&D is considered to be the underlying source of inventions that drive innovation. More information is available in the ifo DICE Report 4/2019: Innovation Policy.

Note: BERD =  R&D expenditure of the business sector

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Innovation Effort Indicators | List of References

© 26.09.2021, Provided by Database for Institutional Comparisons in Economies (https://dice.elementsystems.io/en/node/454789)
Author Title Publication Edition Url Accessed Source type
Joop Adema, Yvonne Giesing, Julia Gorochovskij, Tanja Stitteneder ifo DICE Report 4/2019 Innovation Policy: Innovation - Global Trends and Regulation 2019 4 https://www.ifo.de/en/publikationen/2020/journal-complete-issue/ifo-dice-report-4-2019-winter-innovation-policy 2020-01-31 literature

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