list-bullets
Gross R&D Expenditures
Unit
graph-stats-ascend
% of GDP
Source
bookmarks-document
Various

You can create your own Dataset and compare different key figures in a customized view.

shrink-1
Close fullscreen
shrink-1
Close fullscreen
shrink-1
Close fullscreen
shrink-1
Close fullscreen

Gross R&D Expenditures | List of References

© 22.10.2021, Provided by Database for Institutional Comparisons in Economies (https://dice.elementsystems.io/en/taxonomy/term/2864)
Author Title Publication Edition Url Accessed Source type
Joop Adema, Yvonne Giesing, Julia Gorochovskij, Tanja Stitteneder ifo DICE Report 4/2019 Innovation Policy: Innovation - Global Trends and Regulation 2019 4 https://www.ifo.de/en/publikationen/2020/journal-complete-issue/ifo-dice-report-4-2019-winter-innovation-policy 2020-01-31 literature
Related Datasets

Custom

single-neutral-book

Innovation Effort Indicators

Various
The dataset contains indicators for public and private innovation efforts. It is difficult to make a thorough distinction between R&D and innovation. However, R&D is considered to be the underlying source of inventions that drive innovation. More information is available in the ifo DICE Report 4/2019: Innovation Policy. Note: BERD =  R&D expenditure of the business sector
List of references for Gross R&D Expenditures
Author Title Publication Edition Url Accessed Source type
Joop Adema, Yvonne Giesing, Julia Gorochovskij, Tanja Stitteneder ifo DICE Report 4/2019 Innovation Policy: Innovation - Global Trends and Regulation 2019 4 Literature

We use cookies on our website to support technical features that enhance your user experience.

We also use analytics & advertising services.